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tv   Ali Velshi on Target  Al Jazeera  April 2, 2016 7:30am-8:01am EDT

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players her parents are footing the bill. they hope it will pay off as the game's professional status improves and that she too one day can become a household name just a reminder, you can keep up-to-date with the news on our website, aljazeera.com. >> on january 12, 2010, the grouped shook beneath haiti, the western hemisphere poorest country. it was the worst earthquake in 20 years. billions of dollars poured in, but what has happened since may shock you. i'm ali velshi with a special edition of "on target." haiti on shaken ground. $13billion, that's the full price tag for one of those u.s. navy aircraft carriers.
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that's the amount pledged to haiti after a massive earthquake rocked the country in 2010. with all the images of destruction americans donated tens of millions of dollars to the effort. $43million was collected through phone texts alone. but six years on there are big questions about what was done with all that international support. david arosto went to haiti to investigate. here is part one of his special report. >> six years ago security cameras captured this scene from inside haiti's presidential palace. when the dust finally settled more than 150,000 people will have perished from a massive earthquake that hit the western hemisphere's poorest nation.
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the only bright spot, massive world attention. descending on haiti in the u.s. and across the globe people and governments pledge $13 billion in disaster relief at the urging of first lady michelle obama. >> we can all do something. we can help the american red cross as it delivers the food, water and medicine that can save lives. >> and actor sean penn. >> reach deep and then reach deeper. >> $13 billion, a staggering outpouring double the yearly economic output of haiti before the quake. but half a decade after the devastation a number of scathing reports pose the question, where did all the money go? so year later we traveled back to haiti to try to find out and see if things had improved.
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at first glass, port-au-prince appears to be a city on the rebound. but a closer look reveals tens of thousands of haitians are still living under tents and on the street. homes have no running water, and there is a single latrine for every 82 people. raw sewage runs through the streets. >> this is an elected official in the nearby neighborhood who said there are some 32,000 people still here living in tents, still refugees from the earthquake. so when was the last time that somebody from the international
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community was actually down here to help? >> he's saying that the french world cross was here in 2014 but some of these tarps date back to 2011. they have holes in them. they don't hold water, and many people here express anger. almost six years on they're living in these tent cities. >> despite some 10,000 aid groups working in haiti, there are 73 different sites where families are still living in tents.
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to try to get some answers we went to meet the person running much of the relief effort. the united nations mission in haiti's representative. >> where is the united nations in terms of achieving some of its goals in terms of housing, in terms of water sanitation. when you drive around different ports of the capital there are still tent cities. we're talking about $13 billion in aid that came after the earthquake. >> if i'm not mistaken the figure, the number of people now in these camps is now 60,000. so this was--that's huge--that's a huge number. 60,000 internally displaced people nearly six years after the earthquake. >> when you consider that after the earthquake there were some 1.5 million people living in camps for the internally displaced-- >> sure. >> i think that the statistics speak for themselves. >> is your message then to somebody who is still in one of these camps just hold on a
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couple more years or couple more months or a couple more weeks, and we're going to get to you? >> no, we are already working on programs and plans to move these people out of the camps. >> coming up, part two of our special investigation. we follow the money trail in haiti. >> images matter. >> innovative filmmaker, spike lee - on his controversial new movie. >> the southwest side of chicago is a war zone. >> taking on the critics. >> and another thing... a lot of the people have not seen the film. >> and spurring change through his art. >> we want this film to save lives. >> i lived that character. >> we will be able to see change.
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>> the sheer devastation sparked outpouring from around the world to help in the relief efforts. americans donated tens of millions of dollars. the red cross received $44 million to help haiti. but six years later what happened to that money? here is part two of the special investigation. >> you come to a place that is on the outskirts of port-au-prince. this is an area where several thundershower thousand earthquake refugees were sent. we came to see what progress has been made. there are some signs of development here. houses built in the complex, but
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many people have been living in transitional shelters. you see what is behind me. they are thin, wooden boards that do not provide protection from the elements. it is not all that clear when you walk around the neighborhood where all that money was spent. >> remember, much of what was built after the quake was only supposed to be temporary, but in this dusty community, an hour's drive from the capital many say these temporary shelters have a very permanent feel.
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>> the promise promises are more evidence than th wher than the mountains. part of the 24 million marquee project that in 2010 pledged to build 700 new homes for victims of the quake. yet today nearly six years on the red cross could not account for the number of permanent houses that is built here. a spokesman said that it adjusted its strategy after determining landownershi landownership records were vague. >> the red cross said that it instead focused on republican talls.
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home repair and infrastructure and said that they're helping 2,000 families. many live in makeshift shacks. despite all the aid dollars the that came in response. where did all the aid go? infrastructure, cholera prevention, but how half a billion dollars in aid was partialed out is not always well accounted for. in an internal red cross evaluation, there was no correct
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process for monitoring spending on water and group initiatives. >> i think what happens was that they had so much more money than these other institutions they became their own donor. they were distributing money to other organizations. this presented interesting challenges for the red cross. they've ventured into areas that they're not comfortable operating on. >> the red cross uses 47 cub contractors in haiti. many of which subcontract themselves. that's where the money trail goes he cold. following aid dollars as they pass from group to group and contract to contract across haiti is impossible. and as each group extracts it's own administrative fees, the aid shrinks. but subcontracting is only part of the problem. >> the way it is set up, when these organizations receive funding, they're largely responsible to their funders not those communities.
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>> in total roughly $13 billion was pledged to haiti, but only $9 billion was allocated. in fact, 94% of humanitarian aid went to foreign organizations due to concerns of local corruption. but analysts say that kind of aid delivery undermines local-civil society and adds bureaucracy to a system that often makes aid groups more accountable to their funders than local populations. >> we're going to look for solutions, and they're not going to come from international communities. they have to come from us. we have to stop accepting some poisonous gifts. >> in the meantime, the current aid structure in haiti remains and has allowed tens of thousands of earthquake refugees to remain right here, still living under tents and still on shaky ground.
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coming up next, sex, violence and deceit. >> people loved him. teachers loved him. >> we were walking the river looking for him. i knew something was really really wrong. >> all hell broke lose. >> people were saying that we were terrorists. >> how are you providing a cover for your brother to do this? >> we saw the evil side of the social media take off.
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>> the united nations can be a blessing or a curse. but for haiti it's been both. six years ago haiti was devastated by a massive earthquake. it's worth natural disaster in two centuries. millions of haitians looked to the u.n. for help, and the help did come. but the u.n. effort may have made some things worse. u.n. soldiers have been dogged by allegations of sexual exploitations of poor haitian women and children. david ariosto has this report.
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>> in the rural places far outside of the capital, they earn just $68 a month, barely scraping by with odd jobs. it was under those circumstances that this woman met an u.n. soldier based at a base outside of the city. >> at just 17 years old, she became pregnant. the father, she says, was that u.n. soldier. but she said that the soldier left haiti soon after her pregnancy and went home to his home country of uruguay. four years later she's raising
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her son on her own and has petitioned the u.n. for help. when the father gone and she's armed only with a birth certificate her options are limited. >> so the father is not listed on this birth certificate for her four-year-old son. that's one of the big problems in trying to prove to get child support. she went down to the u.n. to get dna testing done, but it's been two years, and she still has not gotten the results yet. >> her plight is not unique, and in some cases it goes deeper. over the summer the united nations released a scathing report about the soldiers detailing their wild exploitation of haitian women. 229 women told investigators what they called transactional sex with soldiers. trading their bodies for food and medicine that are so often in short supply.
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we went in search of these women and found five women who had babies allegedly fathered by u.n. soldiers who have all since left the country. each of these women went to the u.n. to get dna testing done to get a match with those soldiers with the idea of securing child support. but after years without word many are given up hope. >> nearly all of these women acknowledge receiving money or some other form of help during their relationships with
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soldiers. but they say that the relationships were mutual. u.n. soldiers are prohibited from such relationships, but that doesn't mean that it doesn't happen. in some cases with minors lik like yosmina, who was 17-years old the time. one-third of the abuse detailed in the report involved minors. >> any case of sexual exploitation and abuse is one case too many. the u.n. mission in haiti has said they're aware of these situations and has suspended soldiers and offered outreach to victims. but their own report said that assistance to these women remain, quote, severely deficient. >> we prohibit fraternizing between the military component
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and the civilians in the country. >> prohibited, but it happens, and it happens quite a bit. we were here just a couple of days, and we found a minor who had a sexual relationship with an u.n. work, worker, and she has been trying to get answers for two years and she has sort of gotten the run around by the united nations here. >> well, i hope that that person will, one, have submitted a complaint to the u.n. >> she has. >> to the staff, to the conduct discipline team, which has been conducting outreach sessions informing people of what the procedure is, and what the procedure should be in the event of an accusation. >> my point being we've only been here a couple days. is there an expectation or is there an understanding that this might an far more widespread problem than your office has recognized so far? >> i think the question of sexual abuse and exploitation is
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a question where one has seen a high degree of under reporting. >> but this isn't the first time allegations of sexual abuse by u.n. soldiers have surfaced in haiti. in 2007 the united nations expelled 114 of its soldiers after widespread allegations of sexual exploitation against haitian women and girls, some as young as 13 years old allegedly forced to brothels. but in 2011 a bombshell dropped. video surfaced online showing u.n. soldiers apparently filming the rape of a 13-year-old haitian boy. the u.n. responded court-martialing the peace keepers, two of which were sentenced to a year in prison. but according to the u.n.'s own internal watchdog none of the commanders were sanctioned, and it's not clear if the victim or his family were every compensated.
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it's something that sparked widespread criticism of the u.n.'s presence in haiti. >> what is their purpose here? bringing stability? >> more than 6,000 u.n. peace keepers are deployed to haiti to provide security to a country that has often been wracked by violence. and yet in light of recent scandals such as this latest report, there is a growing course of voices in haiti who say that force may have overstayed it's welcome. >> they have no business here. truly, never had, and it's been like that for close to 12 years. they should go, pack up and go. >> unfortunately, rape and sexual exploitation are not the end of the story. manies wills blame u.n. peace keepers for a cholera epidemic that has left thousands dead. david ariosto traveled to a
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treatment facility on the outskirts of port-au-prince. here is his report. >> in haiti, cholera is not only claiming lives, it may be getting worse. the deadly water-born disease has so far left some 9,000 people dead, sickening more than 740,000. and the haitian government said that the number of cholera cases more than doubled the first three months of 2015 compared to the same period a year earlier. for many in this country this tragedy has been particularly hard to confront give that the disease was potentially brought to haiti by those , yet nearly six years later virtually no one has been held to account for the epidemic. >> cholera is a highly infectious disease that can kill
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within a few hours. it was never native to haiti before the earthquake. but recent testing has indicated almost with certainty that this strain of cholera has come from u.n. relief workers. yet the united nations has never accepted responsibility for this outbreak, and they refuse to pay compensation to those who contract the disease. >> multiple independent investigators concluded that the united nations was the most likely source. >> what we're looking at is about as close as you can get in science to a slam dunk. >> the report points to a sewage leak that housed the nepalese peace keepers. >> this is a toilet? this is a toilet right here? >> in 2010 al jazeera sebastian walker headed to that base in haiti where he uncovered u.n. soldiers working feverishly to contain what appeared to be sewage spill.
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there were toilets right there, and the liquid is draining in the river that flows to the nearby town. the area is situated next to a tributary stream that feeds haiti's longest and most important river. >> to bring people from a country where cholera is endemic, i mean, that was criminal. now they won't accept responsibility for it. this is totally insane. >> in a bid to get victims and their families compensation for the outream, human rights lawyers filed a class action lawsuit in u.s. federal court. the suit accused the united nations of gross negligence and misconduct. but in 2015 the court ruled those victims cannot sue the united nations because the u.n. has legal immunity only it can wave.
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to find out more i sat down with the head of the u.n. mission in haiti. >> is there a reason why the u.n. still has not acknowledged responsibility, provided some program for compensation for some of these families? when it seems very, very clear where this cholera outbreak came from. >> we work very closely with the ministry of health and population in support of the ministries ' efforts to eliminate the transmission of cholera in haiti. >> is it safe to say that the u.n. brought cholera to haiti, so the u.n. has to fix cholera in haiti? is that what you're saying? >> i'm saying that the united nations are working in supports of the efforts of the government of haiti to eliminate the transition of cholera. we've been doing this since the outbreak of the epidemic i in 2010. we have seen-- >> really, i want to dig down on this. but what does that actually mean?
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because the question is, is there a reason why the united nations has not accepted responsibility for this? >> the united nations has a number of agencies, as i mentioned, that are working in support of the socio-economic development of haiti . >> and so after more than half a decade and thousands dead, the united nations stands on whether it's accountable for the cholera epidemic in haiti remains unchanged. for now that means u.n. compensation for those like liliana and her family just isn't coming. >> that's our show for today. i'm ali velshi. thank you for joining us. >> al jazeera america, proud to tell vital and important environmental stories. >> i'm off the coast of hawaii. >> we've been driving for miles into what should be pristine rain forest. >> this is not your standard household dust.
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